Resistance management for sustainable agriculture and improved public health

White-backed planthopper

Sogatella furcifera

S. furcifera is a migratory insect that is one of the most important pest species on rice in many Asian countries but problematic pest throughout the main rice-growing areas of Oceania and Australia too.

The nymphs and adults of S. furcifera are phloem feeders. They prefer young plants, but all growth stages can be attacked. Plant injury results mainly from the loss of water and nutrients with the extracted sap. In addition to causing direct damage, S. furcifera is a vector of several rice pathogens, particularly the Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus, which causes large yield losses.

After a pre-oviposition period of 3-8 days, the female lays 100-350 eggs into stems or along the midribs of leaves may have up to 5 generations per season. Adults are very active and instantly jump away

White-backed planthopper resistance profile

Resistance of S. furcifera to the pesticides used for its control has gradually increased since the 1980s. Organophosphates, carbamates, pyrethroids, buprofezin, pymetrozin and neonicotinoid insecticides are all impacted by now in the most intensive South-East Asian regions.

Species Distribution Chemical class Mechanisms
Sogatella furcifera South-East Asia Buprofezin (16)
Sogatella furcifera South-East Asia Pyrethroids-Pyrethrins (3A) Elevated glutathione S-transferases
Sogatella furcifera South-East Asia Organophosphates (1B) Elevated glutathione S-transferases
Sogatella furcifera South-East Asia Carbamates (1A) Elevated glutathione S-transferases
Sogatella furcifera South-East Asia Phenylpyrazoles (Fiproles) (2B)
Sogatella furcifera South-East Asia Neonicotinoids (4A)
Sogatella furcifera South-East Asia Pymetrozine (9B)

Key white-backed planthopper resources

References

Title Year Author(s) Publisher
Monitoring Trends in Insecticide Resistance of Field Populations of Sogatella furcifera (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) in Guizhou Province, China Vol. 110 (2), pp. 641-650. DOI: 10.1093/jee/tox027 2017 Jin JX, Jin DC, Li WH, Cheng Y, Li FL, Ye ZC Journal of Economic Entomology
Neonicotinoid insecticide resistance in the field populations of Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) in Central China from 2011 to 2015 Vol. 20 (3), pp. 955-958. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2017.07.004 2017 Zhang X, Liao X, Mao K, Yang P, Li D, Ali E, Wan H, Li J Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
Biochemistry and molecular characterisation of chlorpyrifos resistance in field strains of the white-backed planthopper Sogatella furcifera (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) Vol.54 (4) pp. 376-384, DOI: 10.1111/aen.12140 2015 He M, Ai Z-X, Jiang Z-Q, Long Y-N, Zhang Y-L, He P Australian Journal of Entomology
Fipronil resistance in the whitebacked planthopper (Sogatella furcifera): possible resistance mechanisms and cross-resistance 66 121-125.2010, DOI: 10.1111/aen.12140 2015 Tang J, Shao Y, Yang B, Liu Z Pest Management Science
Susceptibility of Sogatella furcifera and Laodelphax striatellus (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) to Six Insecticides in China 107(5):1916-1922, doi.org/10.1603/EC14156 2014 Zhang K, Zhang W, Zhang S, Wu S, Ban L, Su J, Gao C Journal of Economic Entomology
Status of Insecticide Resistance of the Whitebacked Planthopper, Sogatella furcifera (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) 96(3):948-956, doi.org/10.1653/024.096.0332 2013 Su J, Wang Z, Zhang K, Tian X, Yin Y, Zhao X, Shen A, Gao C Florida Entomologist
Mutation of the GABA receptor associated with fipronil resistance in the whitebacked planthopper, Sogatella furcifera Vol. 97 (3), pp262-266 2010 Nakao T, Naoi A, Kawahara N, Hirase K Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Species-specific insecticide resistance to imidacloprid and fipronil in the rice planthoppers Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera in East and South-east Asia 64(11):1115-21. doi: 10.1002/ps.1641. 2008 Matsumura M, Takeuchi H, Satoh M, Sanada-Morimura S, Otuka A, Watanabe T, Van Thanh D Pest Management Science

The information provided is based on literature reviews and as such IRAC cannot guarantee or be held accountable for the accuracy of the reports.

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