The 2019 IRAC International Spring meeting was held at the Double Tree Suites by Hilton at Disney Springs, Orlando, March 26-28th. There were 12 sessions organised over the 3-days which were well attended by the 27 meeting participants. Day-1 was spent reviewing the work of the various international working groups and country teams during the previous year with Day 2 & 3 spent planning the work for the following year. The meeting finished with an IRAC Executive session where there was voting for the new elected officers, budget matters were discussed as well as a number of ongoing initiatives and projects.
The IRAC Chairman for the next 2-years is Nick Storer (Corteva), the Deputy Chairman is Juergen Langewald (BASF) and the Treasurer is Lixin Mao (BASF).
In a situation in which running real-world experiments is impractical (or even impossible), computer simulations offer a powerful solution to understand complex problems. This is exactly the case of resistance-evolution prediction: Although fast from an evolutionary perspective, the time and spatial scales involved in this process are simply too large to be dealt with experimentally. The underlying evolutionary processes of resistance development are relatively well known, however. With this knowledge, researchers can build mathematical models to describe and mimic the actual systems. These models can also be calibrated based on real-world cases that have already occurred, improving their precision and accuracy. Read the full paper
On the 4th and 5th of February a meeting of IRAC India was held in Delhi. In addition to the members of the IRAC India team there was active participation from IRAC International, IRAC Asia and Croplife India. The goals of the workshop were to establish working priorities for IRAC India in both the short term and the long term, ensuring that prioritised insecticide resistance issues are being addressed and that IRAC India is providing key technical information to support the implementation of insecticide resistance management.
The IRAC India team agreed that development of supporting materials for resistance management in rice and cotton as well as specifically for the invasive pest fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) were the key priorities and therefore an action plan was developed. The inclusion of mode of action icons on product labels and development of effective communication pathways to growers and retailers were also identified as key priorities that the team will work upon.
On the second day the group were joined by representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer Welfare, the Farmers’ Federation, Indian Agricultural Research Institute and Central Institute for Cotton Research to gain further insights on how to support and communicate the implementation of insecticide resistance management.
The initial objectives of the team will be to investigate the resistance risk of nematicides and to develop a mode of action classification scheme similar to that available for insecticides and acaricides. Information will be posted on the website under Nematode Team.
The application of an insecticide to the soil, either as a seed treatment or as a direct application, is designed to either control soil borne insect pests or provide systemic control of pests above the ground. The general principles of resistance management apply to seed and soil treatments, as with foliar applied insecticides, however there are some additional factors that should be considered as outlined the the latest statement from IRAC titled: IRAC International statement on the resistance management considerations of utilizing soil & seed applied insecticides
The new IRAC leaflet has been designed in conjunction with CropLife International providing growers with essential information on insect resistance management and the significant benefits for growers. The leaflet is in English at the moment but an editable version will be available shortly so that it can be translated into the local languages and targeted for specific countries and sectors.
The MoA Classification has been updated by the IRAC MoA Team and the updates approved by the IRAC Executive. The latest version of the Classification Scheme can be downloaded from the IRAC website. The English version of the IRAC Chemical Structures Poster and the small IRAC MoA Booklet have also been update and can be downloaded from the website.