Lepidoptera Team News
In South Africa, it will be critically important to have a harmonised approach to IRM for FAW across the industry and across technologies. This approach should combine a clear and simple structured refuge policy which does not confuse growers between the requirements for FAW and maize stalk borers in South Africa, and which enables a high grower compliance. There are several commercialised Bt-products in South Africa which are very similar. This approach is in the best interests of the seed industry, growers and South African consumers. The new guidelines have now been published on the IRAC website.
A video from CropLife International and the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) that explains the importance of mode of action as the basis for effective and sustainable resistance management to preserve the utility and diversity of available insecticides and acaricides. The video can be viewed in English or watch it in Spanish, Mandarin or Portuguese.
The application of an insecticide to the soil, either as a seed treatment or as a direct application, is designed to either control soil borne insect pests or provide systemic control of pests above the ground. The general principles of resistance management apply to seed and soil treatments, as with foliar applied insecticides, however there are some additional factors that should be considered as outlined the the latest statement from IRAC titled: IRAC International statement on the resistance management considerations of utilizing soil & seed applied insecticides
The new IRAC leaflet has been designed in conjunction with CropLife International providing growers with essential information on insect resistance management and the significant benefits for growers. The leaflet is in English at the moment but an editable version will be available shortly so that it can be translated into the local languages and targeted for specific countries and sectors.
The paper reports on the sensitivity monitoring executed by DuPont and collaborators in Italy, Spain, Greece since 2009 in order to detect possible sensitivity shifts of T. absoluta from baseline sensitivity to the diamide insecticide chlorantraniliprole (MoA group 28). The results of the 2014 bioassays revealed the first cases of T. absoluta resistance to diamide insecticides in South-East Sicily. The potential integrated control strategies are discussed, aiming to prevent further directional selection of resistance alleles via the adoption of stringent IPM strategies inclusive of reasoned IRM/MoA alternation programmes.
- The Insecticide Resistance Management recommendations have been developed by IRAC Brazil & IRAC International and in consultation with leading local experts on Brazilian agriculture and resistance management.
- The recommendations are based on resistance management principles, whilst also considering the need to provide economical pest control. They are intended to provide the basis for developing an effective pest management program that minimizes the risk of insecticide resistance evolution.
- Although the recommendations provides the basis for developing a pest management strategy, local variations in agronomic practice, pest spectrum, crop growth dynamics, pest susceptibility…..etc, mean that adaptation to local conditions is necessary.
Chemical insecticides can be applied to conventional and transgenic crops expressing insecticidal proteins. When conducting a pest management program, it is important to take into account IRM considerations for both the transgenic trait (i.e. refuge adoption) and the chemistries being employed (both foliar applied and seed treatments). The IRAC Statement lists the key factors that should be considered when assessing the IRM value of applying the chemical insecticide.
The IRAC Lepidoptera WG has just updated the popular Diamondback Moth (Plutella xylostella) poster that outlines the basic biology, resistance mechanisms and management along with general IRM strategies and modes of action available to control this pest. See the poster.
IRAC, in consultation with its Executive member companies and representatives, have developed a general one-page position statement that presents the IRAC view on the use of mixtures and their relevance to insecticide resistance management. This includes the crop and public health sectors but more specific guidance, relevant to each area, will be developed over time using the position statement as a starting point. Copies of the IRAC Position Statement can be download via this link or from links found on a number of the team pages (Executive, Crop, Public Health and Biotech).