The IRAC Mode of Action Working Group have developed a set of 74 slides as a MoA tutorial outlining the major mechanisms of insecticide resistance and, explaining with graphics, MoA by the targeted physiology affected using the broad categories of: Nerve and Muscle, Growth and Development, Respiration, Midgut and Unknown or Non-specific target sites or functions.
On the 4th and 5th of February a meeting of IRAC India was held in Delhi. In addition to the members of the IRAC India team there was active participation from IRAC International, IRAC Asia and Croplife India. The goals of the workshop were to establish working priorities for IRAC India in both the short term and the long term, ensuring that prioritised insecticide resistance issues are being addressed and that IRAC India is providing key technical information to support the implementation of insecticide resistance management.
The IRAC India team agreed that development of supporting materials for resistance management in rice and cotton as well as specifically for the invasive pest fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) were the key priorities and therefore an action plan was developed. The inclusion of mode of action icons on product labels and development of effective communication pathways to growers and retailers were also identified as key priorities that the team will work upon.
On the second day the group were joined by representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer Welfare, the Farmers’ Federation, Indian Agricultural Research Institute and Central Institute for Cotton Research to gain further insights on how to support and communicate the implementation of insecticide resistance management.
Following a first registration in Australia, afidopyropen from BASF has been added to the IRAC MoA Classification Scheme as Group 9D. Previously it was included in the Appendix awaiting registration. The product is intended for the control of green peach aphid (Myzus persicae), cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae), currant lettuce aphid (Nasonovia ribisnigri) and cotton/melon aphid (Aphis gossypii); and for the suppression of silverleaf whitefly in brassica vegetables, celery, cucurbits, fruiting and leafy vegetables (including brassica leafy vegetables), parsley, potato, sweet potato, ginger and cotton. The product is also intended for the control of aphids in ornamentals.
The initial objectives of the team will be to investigate the resistance risk of nematicides and to develop a mode of action classification scheme similar to that available for insecticides and acaricides. Information will be posted on the website under Nematode Team.
A video from CropLife International and the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) that explains the importance of mode of action as the basis for effective and sustainable resistance management to preserve the utility and diversity of available insecticides and acaricides. The video can be viewed in English or watch it in Spanish, Mandarin or Portuguese.
The MoA Classification has been updated by the IRAC MoA Team and the updates approved by the IRAC Executive. The latest version of the Classification Scheme can be downloaded from the IRAC website. The English version of the IRAC Chemical Structures Poster and the small IRAC MoA Booklet have also been update and can be downloaded from the website.
In this issue we focus on mode of action (MoA) and its importance in insecticide resistance management (IRM). We present a review paper on IRM and the IRAC MoA Classification and summarize the changes that have been made to the latest version of the classification scheme.
Download a copy of the newsletter for full details of these articles and find out more about MoA using the links below.
The popular IRAC Mode of Action Classification mini-booklet and the poster showing the chemical structures has been updated and reprinted. The previous printed editions related to earlier version of the classification scheme but these latest editions are based on the most recent classification version 7.3. In addition the format and layout has been improved and many of the chemical structures on the poster have been redrawn to standardise the nomenclature. Both the booklet and the poster can be downloaded from the website.
If you would like printed copies please contact your IRAC Member Company representative or Alan Porter, the IRAC Coordinator ([email protected]). You can also use the contact form link at the bottom of the website pages.