Resistance management for sustainable agriculture and improved public health

Updated IRM Guidelines for Group 4 Insecticides

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The use of IRAC Group 4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists (nAChR) has grown considerably since the introduction of the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid, which was commercialized in 1991.  The ten insecticides are classified in four sub-groups 4A-4D. The updated guidelines include a table showing the latest resistance status to the neonicotinoid insecticides.

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